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While common in animals like wolves, cats, and owls, amber-colored eyes in people are incredibly rare.
Like green eyes, just 5% of the world’s population has them, making them one of the rarest colors in the world.
Amber eyes are most commonly found in peoples of Asian, Spanish, South American, and South African descent.
Just like skin and hair, the color of your eyes is determined by melanin.
Melanin can cause light to disperse along the color spectrum when it hits the iris. This is known as Rayleigh scattering, and it’s what determines the color of your eyes.
There are two kinds of melanin:
It’s believed pheomelanin plays a role in amber eyes appearing as they do.1
Genetics determines levels of melanin, making eye color fixed at birth.
There are at least 16 different genes that influence eye color. Scientists do not yet fully understand the ways they interact with each other.
The OCA2 gene is thought to be the most important, because it controls melanin production.5
Hazel eyes are typically a mix of green, brown and gold colors. If your eyes are solidly golden or yellow, you have amber eyes.
A number of famous people have amber eyes:
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