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Contacts are an alternative to eyeglasses. There are various types of contacts out there that cater to different vision problems. All of them can correct your vision. Whether you have hyperopia (farsightedness), myopia (nearsightedness), or astigmatism, contacts can help.
You’ll need a valid prescription to obtain most contacts. Here are some of your options:
There are also specialized contact lenses available for those who need them. These include the following:
Ortho-K isn’t exactly a type of contact lens. Instead, it’s a contact lens-fitting procedure. The procedure involves taking specially designed RGP lenses that physically change the corneal curvature. This improves its focusing ability temporarily. These lenses are worn overnight and removed upon waking.
Then, throughout the day, some people can last the whole day without wearing their other contacts or glasses. However, some people may find that their vision wears off throughout the day. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires any eye care professional prescribing Ortho-K to be trained and certified.
These contact lenses are typically colored, cosmetic contacts used for fashion or dress-up on holidays like Halloween. They do not necessarily correct your vision. Instead, they change the look and color of your eyes.
While decorative contact lenses are fun, they can also damage your eyes. For example, they can cut, scrape, irritate, and/or dry out your eyes. They can also affect your vision and/or lead to infections. .
The FDA recommends that you obtain a prescription from an eye doctor before wearing ‘Plano’ contact lenses, just like corrective contact lenses. The FDA also warns against buying these lenses from street vendors and beauty or Halloween supply stores.
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There are also two subcategories of contacts. These include:
Whatever type of contact lens you need or choose, putting them in can be uncomfortable at first. All contacts take getting used to wearing.
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Putting contacts in is simple, but it’s not always comfortable at first. If you don’t put them in the right way, they can scratch or irritate your eyes.
Contacts can also cause blood vessels to grow within your eyes’ corneas. This condition is dangerous and can damage your vision even more.
Note: While you may be tempted to use any eye drops to lubricate your eyes while wearing contact lenses, make sure you use drops compatible with contact lenses. Use rewetting drops or preservative-free lubricating drops that your doctor recommends.
Follow these steps to put contacts in safely and comfortably:
Putting in contacts should only take a few minutes. That said, it may take you a few days to get comfortable with the process. After some time, it’ll become like second nature to you.
You may blink when you put contacts in your eye. This is normal. The key is to hold the contact on your eye for about a second. When you close your eye, move it around a bit so that the contact settles in place.
Follow this step-by-step guide to take out your contacts safely:
Putting in hard contacts is the same as putting in soft contacts. Both processes involve the same steps. The key difference is that soft contacts may feel more comfortable. Because they are flexible, they’ll have an easier time molding to the shape of your eye. They’ll also be easier to take out.
Taking out hard contacts may involve some more movement. Since you can’t quite pinch the contacts, you’ll have to move your head a bit back and blink hard to help pop out the contact.
Here’s how to clean and take care of your contacts:
If your contact lens is uncomfortable, you want to check to make sure that you put it in correctly. First make sure that you have the correct contact in your eye. Then make sure that you didn’t put the contact in your eye inside out. Before inserting your contacts, always make sure there are no tears in the lens.
If your contact lens is still giving you discomfort, it may be because it’s dirty. Take it out and clean it with a cleaning solution. Then dry it with a lint-free towel before putting it back in your eye.
You can also use a wetting solution recommended by your doctor if your eyes are feeling dry.
While it’s a common concern, it’s impossible for your contact lens to get lost in the back of your eye. While your contact lens may become dislodged and move around, you will not lose it. It can’t go that far. A membrane that covers your eye, called the conjunctiva, prevents this from happening.
There are a few risks of keeping contacts in for longer than they’re intended. These include, but are not limited to, the following:
Talk to your eye care professional about the best contacts for you, as well as proper use and care.
1800Contacts has a huge selection of contact lenses and award-winning 24/7 customer service.
Boyd, Kierstan. “How to Take Care of Contact Lenses.” American Academy of Ophthalmology, 4 Mar. 2021, www.aao.org/eye-health/glasses-contacts/contact-lens-care.
Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “Decorative Contact Lenses for Halloween and More.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA, www.fda.gov/medical-devices/contact-lenses/decorative-contact-lenses-halloween-and-more.
Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “Types of Contact Lenses.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA, www.fda.gov/medical-devices/contact-lenses/types-contact-lenses
“Conjunctiva.” American Academy of Ophthalmology, 28 Mar. 2016, www.aao.org/eye-health/anatomy/conjunctiva-3.
“Extended Wear of Contact Lenses - 2013.” American Academy of Ophthalmology, 21 Nov. 2016, www.aao.org/clinical-statement/extended-wear-of-contact-lenses.
“How to Put In & Take Out Your Contacts.” ACUVUE® Contact Lenses, www.acuvue.com/contact-lens-care/how-to-put-in-and-take-out-contacts.
“Schedule Your Appointment Online.” How Long Can You Safely Wear Contacts?, www.piedmont.org/living-better/how-long-can-you-safely-wear-contacts.
“Types of Contact Lenses.” AOA.org, www.aoa.org/healthy-eyes/vision-and-vision-correction/types-of-contact-lenses?sso=y.